Golang vs Nodejs: Which Suits Best For Backend Development?

Golang vs Nodejs, both are trending technologies used for back-end application development. While Golang is an open-source programming language whereas Nodejs is an open-source server framework.

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Both node js vs golang are gaining more popularity among the developer’s community for various reasons. They are the two next-gen backend development platforms in a revolutionary movement to switch from traditional server-side languages like PHP and Java.

To help you make the right choice between these two backend technologies — Golang vs Nodejs. Both can be considered as evolving languages, but both became popular in different projects based on projects.

Read More: Nodejs vs Expressjs: What are the best known differences?

In this blog, we will help you choose the best language for your backend application project with the nodejs vs golang performance comparison.

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Golang vs Nodejs

Golang vs Nodejs

What is Golang?

Golang, commonly known as Go among the developers. It is an open-source, statically typed, multi-purpose programming language. It comes with both the performance and security benefits of C/C++ and the speed of Python. Go handles concurrent programming with its structural, strong, and effective tools. And rightly preferred for its collection handling, memory safety, and dynamic interfaces.

Go suits best for cloud-based interfaces, network-based applications, real-time application(RTAs) development, and microservices.

Achievements of Golang

  • Golang has climbed to 17th from 65th position as the most popular programming language.
  • Go is one of the “most-loved” programming languages, according to the Stack Overflow survey.

Benefits of Golang

  • Clean coding – Since it is a statically typed and compiled language that facilitates to change of code at a better pace leading to clean coding.
  • Cross-compiling – It enables developers to generate binaries that can be executed on a different operating system with a simple command.
  • Garbage collection – Golang comes with the facility of Garbage collection or Automatic memory management.

Read More: Nodejs vs Angularjs: Key Feature-Based Differences

What is Nodejs?

Nodejs is an open-source, server-side runtime environment built on Google Chrome’s V8 JavaScript engine. It is widely spreading its service span across global and has become the most popular environment for building cross-platform applications. It features an event-driven, asynchronous I/O non-blocking model that enables the development of highly scalable server-side applications.

Nodejs is written in JavaScript which means developers use the same language on both client-side and server-side scripts. It is supported by Windows, Mac, and Linux. Availability of plenty of open-source JavaScript libraries that simplify the overall development process of web applications.

Achievements of Nodejs

  • During 2017-2018, Nodejs led to first place as the most commonly used in the Frameworks category in the TechOverFlow survey.
  • Netflix adopted Nodejs and reduced its setup time by 70%.
  • According to the State of JavaScript survey, 85% of respondents are happy with using Nodejs web development.

Benefits of Nodejs

  • Robust Tech Stack – Nodejs has a rock-solid name in the server-side development industry.
  • Caching – It avails the facility of caching single modules in real time in the application memory.
  • Highly Extensible – Another standalone benefit of Nodejs is the extensible property that can be customized and extended as per the project’s need.

Read More: What are the special features of Node.js?

Nodejs Vs Golang Performance: Who wins?

Let’s compare the various elements of Golang vs Nodejs in below table:

Development toolsThere are only less few tools available for the development processMany libraries and tools available to support the app development process
Performance Golang is better when comes to memory-bound tasksIt is an equally good performer since it is written in JavaScript 
Learning curveGolang is new to the market and doesn’t contain any resources compared to NodejsIt has a minimal curve as many online and offline resources are available for developers
Error handlingIt has a very small curve as many online and offline resources are available for developersIt handles errors with throw-catch functions
Developer optionsIt is still under the open-source processIt is one of the most used programming platforms and acts as the center for the cross-platform app development process
ConcurrencyTo achieve concurrency, it uses Go-routines and lightweight thread communication It achieves concurrency using an event-callback mechanism and threads 

Read More: Top 5 Ways To Make Nodejs HTTP Requests

Final Words On Node js Vs Golang

It is quite hard to choose between the two Golang vs Nodejs. Generally, it depends on the needs and features of the application you want to create. Each task requires the right tool.

Comparatively, Nodejs has a good collection of development process tools. Nodejs has a great variety of solutions that suit almost any kind of application development.

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