Golang vs Nodejs: Which suit better for backend development?

Golang and Nodejs, both are trending technologies used for back-end application development. While Golang is an open-source programming language whereas Nodejs is an open-source server framework.

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Both Golang and Nodejs are gaining more popularity among the developer’s community for various reasons. They are the two next-gen backend development platforms in a revolutionary movement to switch from the traditional server-side languages like PHP and Java.

To help you make the right choice between these two backend technologies — Golang vs Nodejs. Both can be considered as evolving languages, but both became popular in different projects based on projects.

In this blog, we will help you choose the best language for your backend application project with the Golang vs Nodejs comparison.


Golang vs Nodejs

What is Golang?

Golang, commonly known as Go among the developers. It is an open-source, statically-typed, multi-purpose programming language. It comes with both the performance and security benefits of C/C++ and the speed of Python. Go handles concurrent programming with its structural, strong, and effective tools. And rightly preferred for its collection handling, memory safety, and dynamic interfaces.

Go suits best for cloud-based interfaces, network-based applications, real-time application(RTAs) development, and microservices.

Achievements of Golang

  • Golang has climbed to 17th from 65th position as the most popular programming language.
  • Go is one of the “most-loved” programming languages, according to the Stack Overflow survey.

Benefits of Golang

  • Clean coding – Since it a statically typed and compiled language that facilitates to change code at a better pace leading to clean coding.
  • Cross-compiling – It enables developers to generate binaries that can be executed on a different operating system with a simple command.
  • Garbage collection – Golang comes with the facility of Garbage collection or Automatic memory management.

What is Nodejs?

Nodejs is an open-source, server-side runtime environment built on Google Chrome’s V8 JavaScript engine. It is wide spreading its service span across global and became the most popular environment to build cross-platform applications. It features an event-driven, asynchronous I/O non-blocking model that enables the development of highly scalable server-side applications.

NodeJS is written in JavaScript which means developers use the same language on both client-side and server-side scripts. It is supported by Windows, Mac, Linux. Availability of plenty of open-source JavaScript libraries that simplify the overall development process of web applications.

Achievements of NodeJS

  • During 2017-2018, Nodejs leads to first place as the most commonly used in the Frameworks category in the TechOverFlow survey.
  • Netflix adopted Nodejs and reduces its setup time by 70%.
  • According to the State of JavaScript survey, 85% of respondents are happy with using Nodejs web development.

Benefits of Nodejs

  • Robust tech stack – Nodejs has a rock-solid name in the server-side development industry.
  • Caching – It avails the facility of caching single modules in real-time in the application memory.
  • Highly extensible – Another standalone benefit of Nodejs is the extensible property that can be customized and extended as per the project need.

Read: What are the special features of Node.js?

Golang Vs. Nodejs: Who wins?

Let’s compare the various elements of Golang and Nodejs in below table:

Comparison Golang Nodejs
Development tools There are only less few tools available for the development process Many libraries and tools available to support the app development process
Performance  Golang is better when comes to memory-bound tasks It is an equally good performer since it is written in JavaScript 
Learning curve Golang is new to the market and doesn’t contain any resources compared to Nodejs It has a very small curve as many online and offline resources available for developers
Error handling Golang has its own error handling mechanisms It handles errors with throw-catch functions
Developer options It is still under the open-source process It is one of the most used programming platforms and acts as the center for the cross-platform app development process
Concurrency To achieve concurrency, it uses Go-routines and lightweight thread communication  It achieves concurrency using an event-callback mechanism and threads 

Read: Node.js vs Django: A needful comparison between them

The final words

It is quite hard to choose between the two Nodejs and Golang. Generally, it depends on the needs and features of the application you want to create.  Each task requires the right tool.

Comparatively, Nodejs has a good collection of development process tools. Nodejs has a great variety of solutions that suits almost any kind of application development.

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